(Tracy A. Woodward/The Washington Post.) A food-aid program for poor women and children may have more life in it during the federal government shutdown than initially expected. On Tuesday, the U.S. Department of Agriculture provided further guidance to state agencies on funding available for the Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC). And it suggests that some resources will be immediately available to states. The upshot is that many states should be able to keep their WIC programs open through October using federal funds and possibly even longer using states funds, Zoe Neuberger, a senior policy analyst with the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, said in an e-mail about the updated guidance. WIC provides states with grants for food aid, health care referrals and nutrition education for low-income women and children. When the USDA first issued guidance late last week, WIC seemed vulnerable even in a short-term shutdown. States would be able to borrow funds from some sources to keep the program running for a week or so, according to that earlier guidance, but they would likely be unable to sustain operations for a longer period. Even contingency funds werent likely to be enough to get them through October, USDA predicted. Tuesdays guidance doesnt make such predictions, but it elaborated on the available options, including carrying over funds from the fiscal year that ended on Monday or tapping a federal contingency fund. While thats good news for some programs, theres still a lot of variation among the states. Theres no question that its a smart move on their part, but its not a guarantee overall, said Geraldine Henchy, director of nutrition policy for the Food Research Action Center. Apportioning WIC funding is notoriously difficult, she notes.In Utah,all WIC clinics are closed and new WIC appointments have been canceled. Whereas Arkansas negotiated with the USDA to receive contingency WIC funding for program administration and food vouchers for this week. That arrangement will be revisited weekly through the end of the month, according to a state health department spokesman.
Food banks that churches count on are challenged by rising demand, spoilage issues
Once at the church, Nwaneri said he would make sure that the meat and vegetables were distributed quickly after all, such precious food shouldnt go to waste. Video Bishop Godfrey Nwaneri of Divine Grace Mission discusses what it’s like to work closely with a food bank to feed those in need. (Sarah L. Voisin/The Washington Post) – Gerri Magruder, executive director of Helping Hands Ministry at the First Baptist Church of Capitol Heights, is pictured at the Capitol Area Food Bank. We try to shop very close to the distribution day so the perishables would not spoil, said Nwaneri, who hands out food on the first Saturday of every month. The Maryland pastor is part of a network of more than 500partner agencies that distribute 45 million pounds of food to more than 500,000 people across the Washington area each year. And although the distribution includes bread, cereal and canned goods, there is increasing focus among church food banks to supply fresh vegetables and meat for the good health of those in need. Fresh food thats the key to lowering high blood pressure and diabetes, said Jeri Bailey, director of the food pantry at the Dupont Park Seventh-Day Adventist Church, who was at the food bank the same day as Nwaneri. We prepare bags for 130families a week that includes a meat, fresh greens, canned goods and other items, Bailey said. But the distribution of fresh food means extra attention must be paid to ensuring that the donated perishables dont spoil. Nearly 36 million tons of food were wasted nationally in 2011, said Nancy Roman, president of the Capital Area Food Bank. Recently, Roman helped organize a summit to address how local churches and organizations can reduce food spoilage. Held in Alexandria, participants included Ben Simon, founder of the Food Recovery Network at the University of Maryland; Elise H. Golan, director for sustainable development at the Department of Agriculture; Tom ODonnell, an environmental scientist for the Environmental Protection Agency; and Meghan Stasz, director of sustainability for the Grocery Manufacturers Association, which represents such major brands as Kraft, General Mills and Nestle.
Whats more, when complaints were made about health or hygiene, the response from employers often came in the form of threats and reprimands. According to the Agriculture Department, their plan will increase food safety, but early last month, the Government Accountability Office the GAO reported on a years-old pilot program for some of these new rules and determined that the data on which they were based was, in the words ofThe Washington Post, incomplete and antiquated. One study used data that was more than twenty years old. The Agriculture Department says the new rules will save the Federal budget $30 million annually, but compared to the more than $256 million it will save the poultry industry every year, thats chickenfeed. In reality, as Tom Philpott, the food and agriculture correspondent forMother Jonesmagazine, succinctly put it: The Obama administration has been pushing a deregulatory sop to a powerful industry based on a shoddy analysis. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimate that each year roughly one in 6 Americans (or 48 million people) get sick, 128,000 are hospitalized, and 3,000 die of foodborne diseases. Every state in the union has seen an outbreak in foodborne illness over the last decade; men, women and children made sick byE.coli, salmonella and other pathogens in everything from meat to produce, cereal, even peanut butter. The progressive website Truthout notes that Americans are 110 times more likely to die from contaminated food than terrorism at an annual cost to the economy of nearly $80 billion. And yet, when Congress passed the Food Safety Modernization Act almost three years ago, designed to toughen standards, the representatives of the food industry spending tens of millions in campaign contributions and lobbying money went after it with a vengeance, delaying and watering the final version down so much that the Food and Drug Administration can barely function, its own inspectors unable to fulfill their duties. (The situation was made even worse by the government shutdown.) In 2011, the FDA inspected only six percent of domestic food producers and less than half a percent of imported food and this at a time when more and more of our food including two thirds of our fresh fruits and vegetables is coming from overseas. Additional pressure on Congress and state legislatures comes from our old friend ALEC, the American Legislative Exchange Council, funded by Koch Industries and other corporations including, recently, Google and Facebook as well as conservative organizations, to draft legislation designed to benefit big business no matter the cost to the rest of us. In an introduction to its so-called agriculture principles, ALEC announced, The proper role of government involvement in agriculture is to limit and remove barriers for agricultural production, trade and consumption throughout our innovative food system. Safety restrictions should incorporate a least restrictive approach, it says, while at the same time ALEC encourages high tech, high yield farming and calls out against unnecessary additional restrictions on the use of antibiotics in animal agriculture. ALEC boasts abut the safety and quality of our food system the highest in the world, it says but at the same time designs and pushes legislation designed to prosecute and crush journalists, whistleblowers and animal rights activists who would secretly infiltrate the food industry to expose shoddy practices and unsafe, unsanitary conditions that threaten the nations well-being. These so-called ag-gag bills criminalize those who would report abuse. If such laws had existed a century ago, a muckraker like Upton Sinclair would never have been allowed to report the sordid practices of the meat packing industry that led to his book The Jungle and saved who knows how many from tainted food, sickness and death? Add to this the controversy over growth-enhancing drugs and hormones, the danger of genetically modified foods, the cruelty of big business factory farms: how can measures like these sound like good ideas to anyone other than those who would put profits above public health? Its called runaway capitalism, and the time has come to stop this free market fundamentalism gone amok. Its enough to make you sick. Michael Winship is senior writing fellow at Demos and a senior writer of the new series, Moyers & Company, airing on public television.